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11/20/09  (jp)  [1 Comments]

Implementation of Peer Review in Catalonia, Spain

Cross-audits in the Quality Networks of VET providers

The "Quality and Continuous Improvement Project in VET Colleges" is based on thirteen networks covering 90 initial VET colleges. In the networks a method similar to "Peer Review" is used. The internal audits (based on ISO 9001:2008) are carried out using self-evaluation tools and cross-audits between colleges. In these audits, colleagues, i.e. "peers" from other colleges in the networks visit the audited college and participate in the audit of all the processes.

These audits are complemented with external audits (ISO 9001:2008) and external inspections. These external inspections are classic inspections related mainly to the school management and the learning and training processes. The participation of the colleges is voluntary and development-oriented and at this moment the project is addressed to initial VET colleges (only VET providers of the public system) at regional level. The audits/peer reviews are supported by the quality networks; the ministry provides training of auditors and support for selecting auditors.

Recently, a new model has been established in Catalonia named “e2cat”, an excellence based model using 12 transversal quality areas. At this moment, the model has been piloted in 4 VET colleges with the support of external experts/evaluators/peers.

Piloting of the European Peer Review methodology

The European Peer Review procedure was piloted in a transnational Peer Review at IES Quercus, a Catalan VET provider from one of the quality networks situated in St. Joan de Vilatorrada, in September 2007.

Implementation of the EQARF/CQAF in Catalonia

In Catalonia, the EQARF/CQAF has been implemented in the national project named “Projecte de Qualitat I Millora Contínua als centres educatius”, launched by the Department of Education. One of its objectives is to support initial VET colleges in the establishment of a quality management system in their organisation. This system includes the quality circle (Plan-Do-Check-Act) and self-evaluation as a tool. It is based in the first step on ISO 9001:2008 but when it has achieved a high level of maturity the colleges use the EFQM model combined with ISO 9001:2008. The VET colleges must build a strategic plan with improvement actions leading to an improvement of academic outcomes. The plan is to extend this framework to the colleges on a voluntary basis.

Peer Review in Catalonia

Peer Review can contribute to improving the methodology used for cross-audits in the quality networks. The internal audits are focused mainly on the organisational level but not on the classroom level. Peer Review establishes core quality areas in learning and teaching (including areas with a strong link to the classroom). The Catalan Ministry of Education will implement these quality areas both in the quality management system and in the cross-audits in order to improve the system and to promote mutual learning between providers focusing on “quality in the classroom”.


Pere Canyadell, Josep Camps
Direcció General d'Ensenyaments Professionals, Artístics i EspecialitzatsDepartament d'Educació, Generalitat de Catalunya
Ministry of Education (Catalan Government) General Direction of VET and Lifelong learning


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Vom 09/17/12
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