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Peer Review

02/24/09  (jp)

Who is a Peer?

A Peer is a person

  • who is an equal of or is on equal standing with the person(s) whose performance is being reviewed
  • who works in a similar environment (and/or in a similar institution)
  • who is external (i.e. from a different institution) and independent (has no personal/institutional "stakes" in the evaluation process)


  • who has specific professional expertise and knowledge in the field (shares values, professional competence and attitudes, language, etc.)
  • who can thus bring a degree of "inside" knowledge of the object of review into the process and combine it with the external view of somebody coming from a different organisation ("external insider").

Peers are sometimes also called 'critical friends'.